Obesity linked diabetes progresses more rapidly in children and more difficult to treat!
The American Diabetes Association reported there has been an alarming increase in Type 1 diabetes over an 8 year period ending in 2009.
Type 1 diabetes is often called juvenile diabetes and is an autoimmune disorder where the body loses the ability to produce insulin. Type 1 is not linked to a lifestyle factor such as being overweight.
Each year more than 13,000 young people are diagnosed with type 1 diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes is when the body developes a resistance to insulin and no longer uses the insulin properly.
Children and adolescents diagnosed with type 2 diabetes are generally between 10 and 19 years of age, obese and have a strong family history for type 2 diabetes. Blood tests are needed for diagnosis and the diabetes can go undetected for long periods of time with little to no symptoms.
Type 2 diabetes belongs to all ethnic groups but is more commonly seen in non-white groups.
Type 2 is typically diagnosed in patients who are overweight. Left untreated, can lead to heart disease, blindness, nerve and kidney damage.
Diabetes more than doubles the risk of post operative joint infection.
While there is no known way to prevent type 1 diabetes, a healthy lifestyle can go a long way to prevent type 2.